The full version is available from
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Agenda 21: The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio From:- UN Publications, Sales Section, Room DC2-0853, United Nations, New York, NY 10017, USA. Also available is The Global Partnership for Environment and Development: A Guide to Agenda 21.
. Commentators point to two major features of this agreement:
a) No longer can social, economic and environmental development be seen as separate issues, their interdependence has become clearly established. b) It was formulated in negotiations involving an unprecedented number of people and range of organisations, an intensification of the process of global democratization seen as essential for the 21st century.Agenda 21 is a guide for individuals, businesses and governments in making choices for less environmentally destructive developments, and ultimately a challenge to translate understanding into action in developing sustainable lifestyles. The alternative to this action is unacceptable levels of human suffering and environmental damage, as forecast in the 1987 Brundtland Report, "Our Common Future".
Agenda 21 sees sustainable development as a way to reverse both poverty and environmental degradation. A major theme is to eradicate poverty by giving poor people more access to the resources they need to live sustainably, including information and skills. It calls upon governments working in participation with international organisations, business, regional and local governments and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and citizens groups to develop national strategies for sustainable development in an on going process of consultation and global democratization from local to international levels from 1993/4 - 1997
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# People are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature.
# Eradicating poverty and reducing disparities in living standards in different parts of the world are essential to achieve sustainable development and meet the needs of the majority of people.
# Nations shall co-operate to conserve, protect and restore the health and integrity of the earth's ecosystem.
# Environmental issues are best handled with the participation of all concerned citizens. Nations shall facilitate and encourage public awareness and participation by making environmental information widely available.
# The full participation of women is essential to achieve sustainable development. The creativity, ideals and courage of youth and the knowledge of indigenous people are needed too. Nations should recognize and support the identity, culture and interests of indigenous people.
# Peace, development and environmental protection are interdependent and indivisible.
3. Combating Poverty
4. Changing Consumption Patterns
5. Population and Sustainability
6. Protecting and Promoting Human Health
7. Sustainable Human Settlements
8. Making Decisions for Sustainable Development
10. Managing Land Sustainably
11. Combating Deforestation
12. Combating Desertification and Drought
13. Sustainable Mountain Development
14. Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development
15. Conservation of Biological Diversity
16. Management of Biotechnology
17. Protecting and Managing Oceans
18. Protecting and Managing Fresh Water
19. Safer Use of Toxic Chemicals
20. Managing Hazardous Wastes
21. Managing Solid Wastes and Sewage
22. Managing Radioactive Wastes
24. Women in Sustainable Development
25. Children and Youth in Sustainable Development
26. Strengthening the Role of Indigenous People
27. Partnership with NGOs
28. Local Authorities
29. Workers and Trade Unions
30. Business and Industry
31. Scientists and Technologists
32. Strengthening the Role of Farmers
34. Technology Transfer
35. Science for Sustainable Development
36. Education, Training and Public Awareness
37. Creating Capacity for Sustainable Development
38. Organizing for Sustainable Development
39. International Law
40. Information for Decision Making
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